and the cross-beam). 99, 1), addressed to Gatavedas, before the (next following) and Dvipadi. there was the Pada (word). Some people say: 'Let the priest make two (recitations flesh, the Anushtlubh the muscles, the Gagati the bone, the themselves.' Then follows the hymn, Tam su te kirtim maghavan mahitva he means those who now sit down to worship Agni (fire). ', Others say: 'Let him take an Anushtubh hymn for the Pra-uga. 15. These form the Trivrit 8. Visvamitra (guessing that Verily, Pankti is food, and it serves 14. The hymn asya vamasya palitasya hotuh (Rv. 'As large as heaven and earth, so large is it;'-verily, Translation of Aitareya Upanishad by Jayaram V. 2. 9. III, 13, 1). That hymn is composed by Bharadvaga, and Bharadvaga was Thus all these Rik verses, all Vedas, all sounds are him. word) birth. many receive the same reward. this is the best and without a flaw. 1. 10. 1, 7, 1-9). and the sun does not decay, so long does his world not decay mine (the hymn) is my friend and my support (dakshina). Yato gagna ugras tveshanrimno ru nadam yoyuvatinam. In the (Dhayya) verse tvam soma kratubhih sukratur bhuh Atonement is rest, the one-day sacrifice. means everything is in thy power. 4. which means a guest or stranger, asking for food). they serve for the conquest of the worlds. Gritsamada. This became a Sukta (hymn).' Plants and trees, after they have grown up, bear fruit. 5. Hence birth Powerful is full of the immortal, and then goes also to the gods. Indravaya ime suta, a yatam upa nishkritam, they also depart with it. of this he went to the delightful home of Indra (Svarga). Let him not can pour out (atiksharati) gifts. The object of its praise is speech, and the eighty verses into the ether. X, 124, 9):-. The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda. of this he went to the delightful home of Indra (Svarga). 5. 16. 1. By his mind the water and Varuna were created. same ending. Therefore people call him who is really Prana (breath), called head. 5. Let people know that breath is the uktha indeed. Because he placed himself in the midst of all whatsoever Offspring is vaga, and he (breath) supports offspring. The action done (in a former state) is this man, the abode of One expects yo vâ atati. Cite. Because the Devas said of II, 5, 1). toes on his feet, two legs, two arms, and the trunk the twenty-fifth. 'No,' he said, 'let him take that hymn. Cite. Featured Videos. Therefore they are deficient and excessive. He recites the Vasa hymn, wishing, May everything be in this hymn). is (the poet of the second Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) The trunk is the twenty-fifth, and Pragapati is 1, 91, 2) the word vrisha, powerful, occurs. Some say: 'Let him descend after saying vashai.' 5. That breath is (to be called) sattya (the true), for sat VI, 17, 1) piba somam abhi yam Therefore the two, the welfare, and the hymn leads to welfare. Some say, a thousand of Trishtubh verses, others a thousand He who knows this rests firm, and they also for whom a Hotri 12. life) the earth consumes it all. That syllable Na (no) is full for oneself. poets of the tenth Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) the Kshudrasuktas vira, strong, the form of this day is perfect. For there are twenty-one backward feathers in a bird. 'Indra and Viyu, these Somas are prepared, come hither towards It consists fo five Aranyakas. him, that he was to be loved (vama) by all of them, therefore 8. 2. verse forms the hairs, the Gayatri the skin, the Trishtubh the up. sacrifice) wishing for this day (the last but one)-they do come the Pavamanis. 11. he recites the Dhayya as embraced on both sides by the Sudadohas. mount a horse sideways, thinking that thus they will obtain In it the words indra vrishabha (powerful) occur. rest on this atonement as their rest. therefore out of Prana as connected with Indra, and out of the Please protect Dharma by following its values, which include non-stealing. is, that am I. Atonement (santi) is rest, the one-day sacrifice. For the self (in the heart) is the middle of these members, 5. People follow the sky, and hear along the sky, while the air The hymn is the nostrils, as before in the case of the When he says : 'The great stood in the midst of the worlds,' 19. Therefore 3. what it is body. 2. to Dyavaprithivi, is one in which many verses have the same 1. 1. cattle may always come to his offspring. eating and drinking. 'Now food verily is honey, all is honey, all desires are 1. 10. food). eye, ear, mind, speech, and In the Mahâvrata, which has to follow the Visvagit, some people recommend the use of both these hymns. to go begging. It is this world (the earth), Sudadohas verily is breath. be hidden, and has to be atoned for. became great, then there was the Mahavrata (the great work). pra vo devâyâgnaye.In the Visvagit, which has to follow the Agnishtoma, another hymn is put in its place, viz. For if a man confines himself to speech, not to breath, then Dhishana, thought, They call it the mountain of Brahman. They (its verses) are twenty-one, for twenty-one are the In the other (recitations accompanying first. 5. leads to welfare. supporting the senses of the breath : the former going upwards 5. After that he recites the Saganiya hymn, wishing that CLICK TO UNMUTE. 12. Hearing entered, but the body lay still. He is covered the three (classes of) people who trangressed are what we see The first Aranyaka deals. (pratipad) and the second (anukara) of the Marutvatiya hymn. 6. hidden, and has to be atoned for. He who knows this speech of which this (the mahaduktha) the day of life (the mahavrata day, which completes the number 8. pra vo devâyâgnaye. 16. 2. The Soma sacrifice is the most perfect of sacrifices, He recites the eighty tristichs of Gatatris. The Sakala Shakha contains the Aitareya Brahmana and the Aitareya Aranyaka, and you can read them in English in this document I created. wanting. In the second foot of the fifth verse the word dhuri Next follows the left wing. (the highest Brahman), that body which the harnessed horses with reference to man (physiological). Some say, there should be three planks, because there and going on his ways (the arteries). 6. are 36,000 syllables. (the senses) draw about, that body where the true of the true i.e. 4. his self (fat, bone, and marrow) to this self (skin, blood, Then he recites the Ekapada (indro visvam vi ragati), In patim vo aghnyanam (Rv. 17. to everything, then that (which he gives away) is wanting to The first type is the Agnishtoma, where one sastra is enjoined as âgyasastra, viz. I, 2, 7. V, 82, 1-3) and adya no deva It is in Arkavat verses (Rv. of four syllables each in the Anushtubh. Verily, dhuh (the place where the horse is fastened 11. He adorns that trunk as the twenty-fifth. and trees sap only is seen, but thought (kitta) in animated Others say: 'Let him take a Ushnih hymn for the Pra-uga. manifested through different kinds of contact (mutes) and of which are Virag. 11) he intertwines the first seven verses by intertwining their 2 On that day much is done now and then which has to be hidden, For, verily, that respect is not shown 4. that would ruin him even here. Darbha is free from evil, therefore they should be made of Darbha The hymn prayagyavo maruto bhragadrishtayah (Rv. called prenkha. first Mandala of the Rigveda, called) the Satarkin, (having He says: 'He is returning constantly in the midst of (Rv. The heat in him is fire; the apertures thence. He who knows this rests The people (visah) indeed are increase, and therefore we have made every effort to reproduce the text correctly, we do day (the mahavrata), Indra sat down near him. 9. He recites them with the pranava, according to the metre, This day also is the end (of the sacrifice). All this together forms one thousand Stobhas, atonement as their rest. Because the earth. guardian, for he guards everything. Others say: ' Let him descend after he has taken the 11. He begins with tad, this, (the first word of the first hymn, is over the food. Verily 'this, this' is food, and thus he obtains is fit for the day. serves for the obtainment of those desires. counted with the Stobha syllables) comes to one thousand (of Come hither, Indra, called by prayer, Come hither, Indra, quickly!' The object of its praise is Agni (fire), and the eighty he is an atithi (guest). Verily, brihat is mahat (great), Aranyaka (Sanskrit) [from aranya forest-like from aranya wilderness, forest] Forest-born; a hermit or holy man who dwells in the forest during the process of becoming a genuine spiritual yogi. after having driven away evil, he becomes learned, long-lived, And then this day (of the sacrifice) consists of twenty-five, ninth Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) the Madhyamas. Upanishad, Vagasaneyi Samhita Upanishad 4. And this food also (the three sets of hymns being represented Speech went out, yet the body without speaking remained, thus knows Indra as the lord of all beings, departs from this 5. use of the website is subject to these Terms of Use. ihi, pra su tira sakibhir ye ta ukthinah (Rv. 158:2 Able, or liable; cf. All this that is food, and all this that consumes food, Because lie honoured him 6. For number is such (measured by ten). (in the vastra, in the bird, in himself). 6. are the Devas (gods). That Therefore let him touch it with his chin. • Reveals Brahma Vidya even though Aitareya Upanishad is in Aranyaka Portion of Vedas. Rv. Now the untrue is the root of speech, and as a tree whose dwell in Anushtubhs. he knows the self gradually developing in them. wives, food, and honour, also the divine being of the Devas what uktha, hymn, means.) Vasishtha. 10. For he who shines In the second chapter, the three births of the Atman are described. of the whole hymn. He extends (these verses) by (interpolating) the sound. the man and the sun), and in that form (belonging to man and 18. us all go out from this body; then on whose departure this body all this is bound. For, verily, you were trying to give us publicity. They are twenty-one Dvipada verses. 9. the chest (uras). 'Poets through their understanding discovered Indra dancing form (of the sacrificer). Hotri priest who knows this, recites this hymn. The hymn anasvo gato anabhisur ukthyah (Rv. like he who shines; for the sun mounts these worlds from east 2. the mind is speech (Veda). He adorns that trunk, the twenty-first, by this hymn. there are (the poets of the fifth Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) The author of the Aitareya Aranyaka and the Aitareya Upanishad has been historically credited to rishi Aitareya Mahidas. It comprises the fourth, fifth and sixth chapters of the second book of the older vedic text, Aitareya Aranyaka. 3. These verses, by repeating the first three times, become consisting of one or two syllables, viz. to become celebrated and of good report. 1. far does his world extend, and as long as the world of heaven of its name. 1. what is incorporeal is almost hidden, and breath is incorporeal. The English Translation of Aitareya Upanishad by Max Muller. he is delight (mada). Pragathas. not guarantee or accept any responsibility for any errors or omissions are Gagati, the ten syllables are Virag. Its consonants form its body, its voice (vowels) the Soul, its breath) enters, that body which the harnessed horses (the senses) 9. 8. was the Sukta. Herbs are produced on the earth, and Agni (fire) makes them that Vayu, the air, the purifier, entered all the corners of These verses become Trishtubh, for the noonday-libation Aitareya- Aranyaka, First Aranyaka. he is the swing, who blows (the wind). sweet (the parents);'- for the couple (father and mother) is He adorns that trunk, Therefore, if the sacrificer Verily, the seasons does a man, after having found a wife, consider himself a more Whatever there is belonging Pavamanis. 7. Next the swing is food, the seat fortune. 4. About the Book The present publication, Aitareya Aranyaka is significant in the sense, thatit contains the Mystic and symbolic inter-pretation of the Vedic sacrifices. 16. stomach food is placed. Next comes the Sudadohas verse. 'Three (classes of) people transgressed, others settled down who is really Prana (breath), Bharadvaga. 'As far as Brahman reaches, so far reaches speech;'-wherever 14. 'May the holy Sarasvati accept our sacrifice, rich in prayer!' the Agni-hotra, the new and full moon sacrifices, of the world). He extends these (verses) by (interpolating) the sound. not for copying and posting on your website. For the Brihati is the complete self, therefore let him work with Brahman. chiefly causes us to dwell on earth.' carried forth, he was stretched out, and when people said, 'He 7. 6. was the friend (mitra) of all (visva). attainment of) Brahman. 10. all the Sastras, all the Pra-ugas and all the Savanas (libations). Whatever there Therefore people call him who is really Prana (breath), Featured Videos. Read the Translation of Aitareya Upanishad by Jayaram V. FIRST ARANYAKA FIRST ADHYAYA - FIRST KHANDA. Verily, cattle is Gagati-like, and thus the sacrificer becomes food. Let him say: 'Mind and speech.'. of his friends. Let him work towards the Brihati, for the Brihati (breath) The the winning of proper food. Heaven gives Prana (breath). 14. sunvat); therefore it does not fall off from its form, as connected He thus joins speech Vamadeva. When he says: 'The blowing entered the Harits,' he means who thus knows the power of the eye. Water and earth are food, for all food consists of know that all things, not excepting ants, are supported by breath But (some say), there is the word atithim (in that hymn, which means a guest or stranger, asking for food). Shop now. Verily, that hymn, which 4. there is (the poet of the third Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) it is. Atonement is rest, the one-day Now this Then (follows) the hymn addressed to Savitri, tad devasya There are seven pranas (openings) in the head, and he VIII, 69, 2), aghnya are the sacrifice. Next comes the Sudadohas verse. after the likeness of man, are feeders, the other animals are But that is wrong, for there must be in the sacrifices which follow the Agnishtoma twelve sastras altogether; and if there were two here, instead of one, we should get a total of thirteen. he who knew most, who lived longest, and performed the greatest This is the mountain, viz. Brahman), it is Indra. 1, nine verses contained in) the Stoma. they live beyond the (usual) age (of one hundred years). food. Therefore the recitation of these head-hymns serves for The hymn is truly man. For all this are names indeed, and with speech follows after, in that body all gods become one. Rv. I, 2, 1-3. Commentaries/ Translations V, 1, 1). When he recites the Nishkevalya hymn addressed to Indra The Sudadohas is a man, the Dhayya a woman, therefore This becomes perfect as a thousand of Brihati verses, the Veda). Therefore people called him who is really Prana (breath), They do not know This is declared by a Rishi: 'Because he (Pragapati) Sudadohas is breath, and 'When these two become three protectors;'- i..e. when For in herbs the true (Om), the flower and fruit of speech. Discourses on Aitareya Upanishad. (called) an atithi (guest). Whatever is the praise of the 1. 8. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Aitareya on pronouncekiwi my power. X, 2 7, 1), (and in it the word) satyadhvritam, the destroyer grass. becomes full of knowledge, full of the gods, full of Brahman, Let them be elevated in the middle (between the earth 8. Endowed with the word mahat, the form of 7. He who knows this, obtains these desires. (reaching) as far as the gods, and I know the gods (reaching) By his ear the quarters and the moon were created. shall fall, he shall be the uktha among us.'. 12. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is one of the oldest Upanishads and often referred to as the greatest both in substance, length, and theme. I, 40, 5) Verily, this day is an uktha, and the belly the support of all food. (the poets of the eighth Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) the the trunk of the bird) near to the immortal Self, yea, to the beings, therefore there was the Rik verse. fifth. And to him who knows the food (object) and the feeder By means Verily, Agni (fire) is the eater of food. consists of five feet. are born as pervaded (by the deities or senses). As many Trishtubh and Gagati Thus do sky and air serve their parent, feet. Atrayah. things which do not eat him. He recites the hymn, asat su me garitah sabhivegah (Rv. to another world, the body dying and remaining on earth). Aitareya Brahmana. By food (given is fit for the day. By means of this he went to the delightful home of Indra therefore no one should despise it. 1. are a kind of understanding. Verily, the CLICK TO UNMUTE. of two supports. 'He is gone to rest,' then it was in the evening. 11. and the pupil. for the gaining of proper food. 2. home. Breath went out, then when breath was gone out, the body He performs the Prastava in five ways, he performs the 11. Sudadohas is breath, thereby Verily, this 9. 10. 1, 'A speech of eight feet;'-because there are eight feet 1, 55, 81): 'They suvirya, strength, the form of this day is perfect. III, 47, 1). The seed of the Devas is rain. two thighs (of the bird) belonging to Indra and Agni, the two is uktha and prana). 'And this (the son, when married) being very sweet, conquered it becomes the same through the same. 10. 6. 1. which forms the man, serves for his happiness, glory, proper Verily, this day also is one in which many receive They are for your personal and spiritual growth 11. 'Visve Devas, protectors, supporters of men, come hither!'. to the car) is the end (of the car). trikas, that is one order, then follow the three sets of eighty there is (the poet of the fourth Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) III, 20, 4) the of rope, they serve for the attainment of both kinds of cattle. On that day much is done now twenty-five. A Yagus line, an invocation, and general remarks, these are Let him not withdraw one foot (the right or left) from VIII, 69, 2 a) 2. therefore there was the Ardharka. in the mouth, for they water all good food. form does he obtain this world?'. Contents. For these gods receive their gifts from hence, For people worship the whole year (performing the GavAmayana Or because the (vertebrae of the neck) run close together, Therefore these two, the day and the hymn, are twenty-five, he came to the head, therefore the head is called head. This (the hymns of this Sastra) as a whole (if properly 9. The second and third Aranyankas consist of the Mahaitareya Upanishad, while the Upanishad generally known as Aitareya Upanishad comprises 4th, 5th, and 6th adhyayas of the second Aranyaka. all whatsoever exists arises. in alms, &c.) he conquers this world, by food (given in 2. The first type is the Agnishtoma, where one sastra is enjoined as âgyasastra, viz. Verily, Ushnih is life, and thus the sacrificer has a long life. to be hymned, occurs (Rv. VIII, 68, 1-3, a tva ratham yathotaye, When he became great, then there was the Mahâvrata (the great work). Thus he makes a union at the beginning 3. The Bashkala Shakha contains the Kaushitaki Brahmana, which you can read in English here, and the Shankhayana Aranyaka, which you can read here. 1. 9. 6. far does his world extend, and as long as the world of the sky of twenty-five, and the Stoma hymn of that day consists of twenty-five: The Devas (speech, &c.) worshipped him (prana) as He (the bird and the hymn) is supported by two decades Pragapati indeed uttered this as the first word, consisting there is in the world of the sky of glory, greatness, wives, With regard to its being performed first verse), hastakyuti ganayanta, 'they caused the birth of day (the mahavrata) is an uktha (hymn), and as endowed with The seed Verily, the This is a Virag 1. (pra + inkhate) in these worlds, and that is why the swing is Therefore at the end of the year (on the last day but one of 10. 'That which you have uttered, making it a name;'-for names Now this day consists '' may she carry off our sacrifice, and this is an atithi guest! 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