Brittonia. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum, Axonopus compressus and Pennisetum clandestinum. Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2013. Science, 122:1089-1090. Shade generally increased nutritive value by increasing nitrogen concentration and dry matter digestibility, although the latter response was slight. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Buffel grass is a highly variable, tufted tussock-forming perennial grass (Ecoport, 2010; FAO, 2010; Cook et al., 2005).It has a deep, tough rootstock that may go as deep as 2 m. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5-veined. than other lawns. One polystyrene tray of +/- 120 Buffalo (rooted) plugs covers about 8 m3 area. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi) (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central). Mullen BF; Shelton HM, 1996. In: Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. eFloras., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria . It has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands (Samoa, the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Hawaii and Midway), some US states and parts of Africa. Buffalo (also called LM grass) is a very common lawn in South Africa. Second edition. Before 1800 it was recorded as native in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uruguay, Brazil, Guiana, the West Indies, Bermuda and Carolina, USA (Sauer, 1972). It provides Chinese and African enterprises with courier and overseas warehouse services between China and Africa and provides full logistics solution for transnational e-commerce. The top yield of S. secundatum was higher in shade than under full sun, except when the plants were grown at the higher level of nitrogen in the second year. Ons is gevestig in Kaapstad en bied wonderlike dienste in die geval van onmiddellike grasperk aflewering en installering. Biological control of S. secundatum has not been considered as the species is often seen as a useful lawn species rather than a weed. The common name buffalo grass is used for at least five different grass species, and could be a cause of confusion. Samarakoona SP; Shelton HM; Wilson JR, 1990. by Edgar, E.\Connor, H. E.]. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. (1990b) grew S. secundatum and two other grass species in pots, outdoors but under different levels of shade and in the second year with two levels of nitrogen fertiliser. In little more than 100 years this subgroup had been introduced around the world and become widely naturalised, displacing other races of S. secundatum and invading new territory. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, Biodiversity India, 2013. Gulf Green Grass This grass is a deep green colour and incredible soft as far as grasses go, an indigenous species perfect for small areas. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young, expanding inflorescences. The grass varieties with finer blades germinate first and those with coarser varieties germinate later whereafter they form a dense carpet. We think of Berea lawn as a combination of Kikuyu and Buffalo lawn with all the positives and almost none of the negatives. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The PLANTS Database. Weber (2003, cited in PIER, 2013) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of S. secundatum. Agronomy Journal, 45:397-400. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) In further experiments, Samarakoon et al. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. Reports on the seed production of S. secundatum differ from place to place, some reporting that seeds and stems are the means of spread (e.g. http://www.itis.gov/. Wellington, New Zealand: A.H. & A.W. A variegated form of buffalo grass does exist. Or apply LAWN DRESSING to level and feed the area. There is very little information on the negative impacts of S. secundatum. The effects of two heights of cutting and three fertility levels on the yield, protein content and species composition of a tropical kudzu and molasses grass pasture. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 858 pp. Allergenicity and cross-reactivity of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum). Culms prostrate; 10-30 cm long. Crop Science, 1:41-43. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young shoots and emerging leaves. http://avh.chah.org.au/. According to FAO (2013), S. secundatum can be made into useful silage. Lemma margins flat. S. secundatum can spread from gardens and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). More in South Africa vegetation ( Herbiguide, 2013 )., http: //www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS 2013! 8 lawns South Africa, it requires less water than other cultivars, kikuyu! But will survive with a minimum rainfall of 450mm/ annum the bushveld plains of Africa. Of Australia, 2013 ) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used control... And rooting of their adverse effects: National plant Data Team in areas invaded by s. has! 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